By Cornelia de Bruin
Triplicate staff writer
It's not called andquot;gold feverandquot; for no reason.
Although the Gold Bluffs area south of the mouth of Klamath River didn't yield much of anything during miners' earlier attempts to get rich there, it took on the aspects of a myth that would not die.
Captain Taylor - no first name recorded by early Del Norte County historian A.J. Bledsoe in his his 1881 andquot;History Del Norte County, California, with a Business Directory and Traveler's Guideandquot; - visited the area in 1872 to harvest the supposedly rich gold-bearing sands he heard were deposited there.
From New York, Taylor couldn't use a diving bell he owned to assess the vaunted riches of the area. It had been damaged in an accident, forcing Taylor to use a different method.
Use it, he did, returning from his foray with andquot;sufficientandquot; gold-bearing sands to announce that they contained andquot;a great quantity of gold.andquot;
Taylor proceeded to spin tales of black sand that assayed at $23,000 per ton in gold.
His boasts spurred the formation of a new company organized explicitly to exploit the Gold Bluffs area a year later.
Called Gold Bluffs Submarine Mining Co., its officials chartered the steamer Monterey, loaded her with mining machinery and sailed north to Gold Bluffs.
andquot;The existence of vast deposits of gold-bearing sands on the sea coast ... has been a matter of notoriety for a quarter of a century,andquot; Bledsoe wrote.
Even Bledsoe bought into the belief that the wealth of the deposits andquot;is fabulous.andquot;
andquot;So great was the rush of miners to this new locality, that it was feared the placer mines ... would become depopulated,andquot; Bledsoe wrote.
Of the beach mines, Gold Bluff was andquot;the most extensively worked,andquot; he wrote as he traced the workings from 1852. One claim harvested $25,000 in gold in a year.
Miners theorized that gold was washed from the bluffs when the surf broke across the beach at their base at an angle, but not when it smacked them head-on.
The gold was so light, that it floated on the water's surface.
During the three weeks that the Gold Bluffs Submarine Mining Co. operated, it raised more than 100 tons of sand from an area one-half mile up to 40 yards from the bluffs, in depths of eight to four fathoms (24-48 feet).
Of that quantity, hardly any gold was found by an assayer imported from San Francisco to examine the sands.
Gray sand, black sand, coarse gravel and shells but no gold after sucking sand from the ocean floor down to bedrock.
Despite the high expense and disappointing results, more miners came to check the area for themselves.
As information posted by the National Park Service on its Web site puts it, andquot;where gold was involved, such words of caution had little effect.andquot;
Several months after the failed submarine company attempt, a party of Humboldt County residents led by a Captain Buhme, Frank and Robert Duff, and Harry Rogers visited Gold Bluffs.
They, too, returned with reports of andquot;very richandquot; beach deposits of gold.
True to form, the Gold Bluffs Submarine Mining Co. began negotiating with the group for its exploitation and the legend of gold laying of the beach perpetuated further.