With a new Cascadia earthquake and tsunami response plan in hand, California emergency officials told their Del Norte County counterparts Tuesday what aid could be expected in the chaotic days that would follow a 9.0 earthquake and resulting massive tsunami that could kill hundreds of people in Crescent City.
Much of the presentations from California Office of Emergency Serves, Caltrans, the American Red Cross, and the California Department of Social Services focused on how representatives of state and federal agencies would work as a team to fast-track the delivery of aid.
Scott Marrote, of Cal OES, made sure to distinguish a disaster, which has impacts that last for years, from a catastrophe, which has impacts for decades. A Cascadia earthquake would undoubtedly be a catastrophe, Marrote said.
The state and feds would have a wealth of resources - food, water, temporary shelters and medical equipment - for impacted areas, but some assumptions must be made about what to expect.
Assumption No. 1: It is virtually guaranteed that there would be no way to access Del Norte County by ground travel for the first three days - maybe longer.
"Unfortunately, this is the ugly side of living in a beautiful place like this," said Scott Marrote, of Cal OES.
McCarthy, of Caltrans, said that although he has faith in the stability
of Caltrans structures, much is not known about what would happen
during up to five minutes of shaking.
Utilities, including power, communications and water, would also be severely disrupted.
No. 1: an "air bridge would be the most important line of supply at
first" used for an "immediate push of resources" to replace disrupted
public services, said Marrote. Clearing debris from the air fields in
Crescent City and Gasquet would have a high priority.
local officials worried about how supplies could be flown in, Marrote
said that agencies like California Air National Guard can often get
resources where they need to go, no matter what the conditions.
a planned full-scale evacuation drill next March, the California
National Guard will also practice bringing in resources by sea without
using Crescent City Harbor.
Assumption No. 2: the needs of
impacted areas, which could stretch from Mendocino County to the
Canadian border, would quickly exceed the capabilities of local and
"It's going to be so huge that no one agency is
going to be able to handle all of the resources needed to respond,"
The feds have the most resources, but it would take time for them to get aid where it needs to be.
No. 2: To the extent possible, local communities need to be prepared to
survive on their own, without outside resources, for at least 72 hours.
Affected counties should be ready to receive resources and
disperse the goods as efficiently as possible through Points of
Distribution or PODs, officials said. Counties like Del Norte should be
planning now on how and where PODs would operate and who would staff
PODs would offer water, non-perishable rations, ice, tarps, toilets and Dumpsters.
new concept in the Cascadia response plan is the Unified Coordination
Group, which will include representatives of state and federal agencies
with statutory authority to make decisions on getting aid out without
wasting time through the normal approval channels.
is still work to do and gaps in planning to be addressed, the efforts
to prepare for a Cascadia earthquake, prompted by Hurricane Katrina in
2005, have paid off.
"Katrina is the reason we're all here, and we're light-years ahead for our disaster planning," Marrote said.
California Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquake and Tsunami Response
Plan will be presented to the public early next year, before the
full-scale exercise planned for March.
Reach Adam Spencer at firstname.lastname@example.org.